Comment On Our Site
exactly is "problem gambling"?
extensive is problem gambling and what are the consequences?
will problemgambling.com help?
problemgambling.com anti-gambling or anti-gaming?
is problemgambling.com's relationship with gaming companies?
should a gaming industry company become involved in preventing
are the advantages of advertising on Problemgambling.com?
are the advantages of selling products on Problemgambling.com?
someone who gambles a lot a compulsive gambler?
becomes a compulsive gambler?
adolescents become compulsive gamblers as well?
there a link between compulsive gambling and chemical dependency?
compulsive gambling associated with other mental health problems?
compulsive gamblers be helped?
types of gambling cause the most problem gambling?
then what causes compulsive gambling?
it true that 40 percent of white collar crime is caused by compulsive
is there a relationship between compulsive gambling and crime?
What exactly is "problem gambling"?
Gambling" is the term used to describe gambling behavior, which
causes disruption in any important life function, whether psychological,
physical, social or vocational. This term is generally accepted
to include, but is not limited to "Pathological", a.k.a., "Compulsive"
gambling. Compulsive Gambling is a progressive addiction
characterized by increasing preoccupation with gambling, a need
to bet more money more frequently, restlessness or irritability
when attempting to stop gambling, "chasing" losses, and loss of
control by continuing negative gambling behavior, regardless of
the disruption and serious consequences of such behavior.
How extensive is problem gambling and what are the consequences?
A. A recent
research study was done by the National Opinion Research Center
at the University of Chicago, in collaboration with three other
research groups, on behalf of the National Gambling Impact Study
Commission. The research group reported that:
" Based upon
criteria developed by the American Psychiatric Association, we estimate
that about 2.5 million adults are pathological gamblers and another
3 million adults should be considered problem gamblers. Extending
these criteria more broadly, 15 million (American) adults are at
risk for problem gambling, and about 148 million are low-risk gamblers
(about 129 million adults have never gambled)."
and problem gamblers are more likely than other gamblers or non-gamblers
to have been on welfare, declared bankruptcy, and to have been arrested
and problem gamblers in the United States cost society approximately
$5 billion per year and an additional $40 billion in lifetime costs
for productivity reductions, social services, and creditor losses.
However, these calculations are inadequate to capture the intra-familial
costs of divorce and family disruption associated with problem and
What is Problemgambling.com?
A. The Web site
debuted on August 1, 1999 and offers one-stop shopping for products
and services related to problem gambling. Visitors can research
the subject of problem gambling, search for the right products and
services, link to other sites that are doing related work, and buy
literature and other materials on line. The web site furthers our
mission to raise public awareness and disseminate educational information
related to problem gambling. The Web site helps make quality problem
gambling information widely available and allow our message to reach
people in new and innovative ways.
How will Problemgambling.com help?
provides a central information hub where anyone or any organization
can seek and find information, assistance, training, consulting,
products, services, news, and views on problem gambling. It will
help raise awareness of the issues associated with problem gambling,
which we believe will ultimately lead to better research, prevention
Is Problemgambling.com anti-gambling or anti-gaming?
A. No. Problemgambling.com
is concerned with a segment of those who gamble, who become afflicted
with problems themselves, or cause social and economic problems
for others, due to gambling abuses or addiction. It is our objective
to assist in educating and raising awareness of these issues, and
to help abate them through making more resources and information
readily available. It is our view that the gaming industry has a
high stake in adopting "responsible gaming" policies and the majority
of gaming organizations are eager to contribute to solving the issue
set we refer to as "Problem Gambling".
What is Problemgambling.com's relationship with gaming companies?
A. We firmly
believe that the only rational strategy to achieve significant progress
in prevention and treatment of problem gambling must be based upon
synergy and balance among all stakeholders. The participation of
the gaming industry, as an equal partner, is crucial to the success
of the entire effort. We find that responsible gaming industry organizations
do not desire to capitalize on negative behavior nor do they encourage
unlawful or underage gambling. Gaming industry leaders realize that
the industry as a whole must act in a socially responsible manner,
like any other business that desires to be viable in the long run.
Problemgambling.com actively promotes interaction of gaming industry
representatives and spokespersons with our other stakeholders, such
as government organizations, researchers, counselors, treatment
centers, and the public-at-large.
Why should a gaming industry company become involved in preventing
gaming company representatives understand the need to integrate
with the other stakeholders in support of a responsible approach
toward their serving their customers. Active support of the principles
advocated by Problemgambling.com clearly demonstrates a gaming company's
concern for the overall welfare of their customers.
What are the advantages of advertising on Problemgambling.com?
A. Banner Ads,
E-links, and Yellow Pages advertising from Problemgambling.com are
low-cost means, on a per customer basis, to bring the advertiser
new business. Problemgambling.com can help to optimize the results
of a company's advertising campaign. Our professionals have the
experience to know what advertising works and what doesn't and can
find the right advertising solution.
What are the advantages of selling products on Problemgambling.com?
expects to be a high traffic site that can be a surrogate sales
force for those companies that have high quality products and services
to offer in the field. Problemgambling.com advertises and sells
a vendor's product(s) and/or service(s), which increases accessibility
for customers and sales for vendors.
Is someone who gambles a lot a compulsive gambler?
A. Not necessarily.
Many people who gamble frequently are simply people who enjoy gambling
as entertainment. Generally these people set aside a predetermined
amount of money for gambling, gamble for fun rather than for the
"certainty" of winning, recognize that they are likely to lose,
and don't bet more than they can afford to lose. It's also possible
to have gambling problems without being a compulsive gambler --
someone can go out and lose a lot of money at a casino after being
denied a promotion, for example. Often this sort of problem resolves
itself without professional intervention.
Who becomes a compulsive gambler?
gamblers can be male, female, young, middle-aged, old, wealthy,
poor, white, or people of color. Recently, the National Opinion
Research Center of the University of Chicago study completed the
first-ever national (U.S.) survey on problem gambling prevalence.
The study found that young adults, ethnic minorities, and people
with little education were slightly more likely to have serious
gambling problems, but the differences were not very large.
Can adolescents become compulsive gamblers as well?
A. Yes. The
National Opinion Research Center study found that 1.5 percent of
16 and 17 year olds could be considered problem or pathological
gamblers, or about half the rate for adults. It is not yet known,
however, to what extent adolescent gambling predicts problems in
Is there a link between compulsive gambling and chemical dependency?
A. Yes. In several
studies approximately 50 percent of problem gamblers were found
to also have drug or alcohol problems, while studies of people in
treatment for substance abuse have found between 10 and 30 percent
also having a gambling problem. People may have both addictions
simultaneously, or can switch from one addiction to another.
Is compulsive gambling associated with other mental health problems?
A. It appears
that in many cases the answer is yes. Various studies have found
high rates of alcoholism, depression, anti-social personality disorder,
mood disorders, and other conditions in pathological gamblers, leading
some researchers to suspect that problem gambling is often a symptom
of an underlying condition.
Can compulsive gamblers be helped?
A. Yes. Studies
have shown that treatment is effective in a great many cases. A
wide range of programs exist, ranging from Gamblers Anonymous to
inpatient treatment centers. There is no one program that is right
for all people. If a treatment program hasn't worked for a particular
individual, a different program may well succeed where others failed.
Unfortunately, treatment programs are not equally available in all
parts of North America. To obtain a recommendation about a particular
treatment program, please refer to our 24-hour
What types of gambling cause the most problem gambling?
A. Most researchers
and mental health professionals believe that different types of
gambling cannot be said to "cause" problem gambling. Dr. Durand
Jacobs, for example, has written: "it appears that the addict's
pursuit and over indulgence in alcohol, other drugs, food, gambling,
sex, overwork, or whatever, is NOT the addicts "problem". On the
contrary, a person's addictive pattern of behavior represents that
person's best SOLUTION to the stresses generated by their long-standing
underlying problems." Dr. Julian Taber has written: "Blaming alcohol
or gambling for an addiction has important negative consequences.
... it allows the patient to focus on treatment and discharge plans
that deal with everything except personal change." That being said,
problem gamblers are attracted to different forms of gambling for
different reasons. Some are attracted to the sensory stimulation
of video games of chance, while others to the perception of skill
in cards or sports betting. Still others are drawn to the seemingly
easy money of high-risk investments. Many, if not most, pathological
gamblers indulge in more than one form of gambling, However, studies
of pathological gamblers have found that the most frequently cited
games of preference are slot machines, card games, and sports betting.
A Minnesota study of 944 gamblers in treatment found that 37 percent
listed slot machines as their preferred game and 37 percent listed
cards. Lottery games, dice games, and games of skill were each cited
by less than 1 percent of those in the study. (Stinchfield and Winters,
So then what causes compulsive gambling?
A. This is another
area in which research is still in its preliminary stages. Different
researchers have suggested a number of character traits. Dr. Richard
Rosenthal, for example, has cited three components he believes necessary:
an intolerable feeling state, such as helplessness, depression,
or guilt, a highly developed capacity for self-deception, and exposure
to gambling under circumstances in which it is valued. Other researchers
have suggested that physical or hereditary predispositions may play
a role; these links have not been proven or disproven.
Is it true that 40 percent of white collar crime is caused by compulsive
A. This frequently
quoted figure is attributed to a study by the "American Insurance
Institute." However, there is no such study and no such institute.
A recent Gaming Law Review article by Dr. Joseph Kelly discusses
the origins and persistence of this particular myth.
So is there a relationship between compulsive gambling and crime?
yes, though there is little hard information about the extent and
nature of the link. Some pathological gamblers turn to crimes such
as embezzlement or writing bad checks as their gambling losses mount.
One Australian study showed about 36 percent of gamblers in treatment
programs had committed crimes that they attributed to their gambling
problem (Blaszczynski et al, 1989). However, a recent German study
points out that in many cases the criminal behavior preceded the
gambling behavior and points out that in at least some cases the
factors predisposing one to an addiction may also predispose someone
to criminal activity (Meyer, 1997). The link between pathological
gambling and substance abuse and between substance abuse and criminal
behavior further complicates this relationship.
Blaszczynski, Alex, Neil McConaghy, and Anna Frankova (1989). Crime,
Antisocial Personality and Pathological Gambling. Journal of Gambling
Behavior Vol. 5(2), Summer 1989.
F. (1998) An Overarching Theory of Addiction: A New Paradigm for
Understanding and Treating Addictive Behaviors. Presented to the
National Research Council, September 3, 1998
M. (1997) The American Insurance Institute, Like THAT Bunny, Keeps
Going and Going and Going ..., Gaming Law Review: Volume 1, Number
2, pages 209-212.
(1997). Pathological Gambling and Criminal Behavior. Presented at
the 10th International Conference on Gambling and Risk-Taking, Montreal.
Research Center at the University of Chicago (1999). Overview of
National Survey and Community Database Research on Gambling Behavior.
Presented to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission.
J. (1993) Some Causes of Pathological Gambling. In Gambling Behavior
and Problem Gambling, William R. Eadington and Judy A. Cornelius,
eds., pages 143-148. Reno: Institute for the Study of Gambling and
Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, Reno.
Randy and Ken C. Winters (1996). Treatment Effectiveness of Six
State-Supported Compulsive Gambling Treatment Programs in Minnesota.
Presented to the Compulsive Gambling Treatment Program, Minnesota
Department of Human Services.
I. (1993) Addictive Behavior: An Informal Clinical View. In Gambling
Behavior and Problem Gambling, William R. Eadington and Judy A.
Cornelius, eds., pages 273-286. Reno: Institute for the Study of
Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, Reno.
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